Four Types of Cooling Equipment to Consider while Shopping

cooling equipmentBefore the summer heat takes its toll on households, this is one of the last best opportunities to shop for cooling equipment and have it installed.

Inasmuch as the job of sizing HVAC systems and advising the different options available falls on the HVAC contractor, it is important that as a homeowner you also get familiar with the different types of cooling equipment available in the market.

 

Split System ACs

These are ACs that are split into outdoor and indoor components. The outdoor unit consists of a condenser coil which releases and the captured heat to the environment. Also, this unit has a compressor that pumps the refrigerant to the indoor unit and back through copper piping.

The indoor unit on the other hand has a blower unit as well as an evaporator coil that draws moisture and heat from the air. Split systems use ductwork in order to deliver conditioned air and are often paired with a gas furnace which also utilizes the same ducting.

Split System Heat Pumps

Heat pumps work just like an AC in summer but during winter they switch operation and heat up your indoor space. Instead of using fuel to create heat, heat pump systems move thermal energy from the indoor to the outdoor and vice versa. Geothermal and air source are the two main and most common types of heat pumps.

The air source system uses a backup heat source when the temperature gets too cold because of its inability to draw warmth from the outdoor air. Geothermal heat pumps on the other hand are much more efficient because they draw warmth directly from the ground and are able to keep heating even when outdoor temperatures take a dip.

Ductless Mini-Splits

Mini-splits are usually available either as traditional ACs with electric heat or air source heat pumps. They compromise a single outdoor compressor or condenser which is connected to over 4 wall-mounted indoor air handlers through a conduit which contains the power supply, condensate drain and refrigerant tubing.

The reason ductwork isn’t required is because the air handler comes complete with a blower unit and is aptly designed to cool an area or even a single room.

Packaged Units

These systems consist of a condenser, evaporator and compressor, all which are housed in one unit that is placed outside on the roof or near an exterior wall. It has a ducting that runs into the home’s interior. A packaged unit can house an AC with electric coils, an air source heat pump or even a gas furnace that is added to provide heating.

When shopping for appropriate cooling equipment for your home, it is important to get professional advice in addition to your own stock of knowledge. This will ensure you get a system that works for you.